The Illicit Possession and Transfer of MANPADS: A Global Assessment

Introduction

Data sources and categorization

Global overview[3]

Map 1: Countries with reports of illicit possession of MANPADS by armed groups, 2011–2021; Source: Small Arms Survey
Countries with reports of illicit possession of advanced MANPADS by armed groups, 2011–2021; Source: Small Arms Survey

Notable trends and changes

Images 1–3: QW-18 pattern gripstock displayed by Hamas in Gaza and found on the Jihan. Notes: Markings on gripstocks displayed by Hamas (left and bottom right) and found on the Jihan (top right). The gripstocks have the same manufacture date (‘2005’) and lot number (‘02’). Sources: Defense-arab.com (2017) (left and bottom right); confidential (top right)

Implications and mitigation measures

Table 1: Illicit possession and transfers of MANPADS, 2011–21

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